On World Press Freedom Day

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Ever since the member of English Parliament Edmund Burke (1729-1797) stood in the House of Commons of Great Britain while presenting/ delivering his report in the year 1787 in the presence of the major three ruling authorities in Britain, stating the following: “ There are three estates in Parliament but in the Reporters’ Gallery yonder there sits a Fourth Estate more important far than they all”; the usage of the term “ Fourth Estate” in particular started to spread. The figures interested – on their part- engaged in this field were not at all unaware of the importance of Journalism and journalists. As Virginia’s Bill of Rights had already declared: “freedom of the press is one of the most important foundations of freedom, and it is never restricted by anyone but tyrannical government”. However, Burke’s statement shed more light on the meaning of journalism and the kind of power attributed, attached and linked to it. Later, the constitution of Massachusetts included: “The liberty of the press is essential to the security of freedom in a state: it ought not, therefore, to be restrained in this commonwealth”.
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